Kingsmeadows Logo


A biodiverse woodland is more than just trees. In a native woodland, the understory of shrubs and wildflowers provides wildlife with essential sources of food and shelter. We have recorded 100 different species of wildflowers, grasses and ferns across the different habitats at Kingsmeadows.

Over the last century, there has been a devastating loss of 97% of the UK’s wildflower meadows, largely due to intensive farming practices, with disastrous consequences for pollinating insects that rely on wildflowers as a source of pollen and nectar and birds and other animals further up the food chain.

We are giving over two areas of lawn at Kingsmeadows to create wildflower meadows and are proud to be part of the Tweed Meadows Project.

Ancient woodland indicator plants

Ancient woodland indicator plants are species that indicate a site has been continuously wooded for a long time. Indicator plants vary by region, woodland and soil type. Kingsmeadows is home to several such species.

In Scotland, ancient woods are defined as 'areas of woodland that have persisted since 1750'. We suspect these woods are at least contemporary with the building of Kingsmeadows House, and so just miss out on being officially 'ancient'. Nevertheless, 1823 maps show an established woodland here. Whatever the official categorisation, the presence of several ancient woodland indicator plants demonstrates how biodiverse and important these 200-year-old woods are.


Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Ancient woodland indicator

Common dog violet

Viola riviniana

Common field speedwell

Veronica persica


Primula veris

Dog's mercury

Mercurlialis perennis

Ancient woodland indicator

English Plantain

Plantago lanceolata

Field woodrush

Luzula campestris

Lesser celandine

Ficaria verna


Arum maculatum

Northern marsh-orchid

Dactylorhiza purpurella


Conopodium majus

Red campion

Silene dioica

Ancient woodland indicator


Galanthus nivalis

Water aven

Geum rivale

Ancient woodland indicator

Wild garlic

Allium ursinum

Ancient woodland indicator

White clover

Trifolium repens

Wood anemone

Anemonoides nemorosa

Ancient woodland indicator

Wood sorrel

Oxalis acetosella

Ancient woodland indicator